Cancer (constellation)

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Cancer is one of the twelve constellations of the zodiac. Its name is Latin for crab and it is commonly represented as such. Its symbol is Cancer glyph.png (Unicode ♋). Cancer is small and its stars are faint. It lies between Gemini to the west and Leo to the east, Lynx to the north and Canis Minor and Hydra to the south.

In Chinese astronomy, constellation Cancer is lied in The Vermillion Bird of the South (南方朱雀, Nán Fāng Zhū Què).[1]

Contents

Notable features

Planetary system

55 Cancri is a quintuple planet system with four gas giants and one terrestrial planet.

Deep sky objects

Cancer is best noted among stargazers as the home of Praesepe (Messier 44), an open cluster also called the Beehive Cluster or the Gate of Men, which contains the star ε Cancri. The smaller, denser open cluster Messier 67 can also be found here.

Named stars

Names

In Ancient Greece, Aratus called the constellation Καρκινος (Karkinos), which was followed by Hipparchus and Ptolemy. The Alfonsine tables called it Carcinus, a Latinized form of the Greek word. Eratosthenes extended this as Καρκινος, Ονοι, και Φατνη: the Crab, Asses, and Crib.

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