Carbondale, Illinois

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Carbondale, "The Capital of Southern Illinois", is a city in Southern Illinois. It is located at the junction of Illinois Route 13 and U.S. Route 51, 96 miles (154 km) miles southeast of St. Louis, Missouri, on the northern edge of the Shawnee National Forest. Carbondale is the home of the main campus of Southern Illinois University. The city is located in Jackson County, Illinois. As of a 2009 census estimate, the city had a total population of 26,235.[1] In addition, the city is a part of the Carbondale-Marion-Herrin, Illinois Combined Statistical Area with 123,272 residents. In 1971, Carbondale won the All American City achievement award, and was a finalist in the 2009 contest.[2][3]

Contents

History

In August 1852, Daniel Harmon Brush, John Asgill Conner, and Dr. William Richart bought a 360-acre (1.5 km2) parcel of land between two proposed railroad sites (Makanda and De Soto) and two county seats (Murphysboro and Marion). Brush named Carbondale for the large deposit of coal in the area. The first train through Carbondale was on the main line north from Cairo on Independence Day 1854.

On April 29, 1866, one of the first formal Memorial Day observations was held at the city's Woodlawn Cemetery.[4] Local resident General John A. Logan gave the principal address.[citation needed]

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