Carmelites

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{group, member, jewish}
{god, call, give}
{law, state, case}
{son, year, death}
{@card@, make, design}
{black, white, people}
{disease, patient, cell}
{woman, child, man}
{school, student, university}
{country, population, people}

The Order of the Brothers of Our Lady of Mount Carmel or Carmelites (sometimes simply Carmel by synecdoche; Latin: Ordo Fratrum Beatissimæ Virginis Mariæ de Monte Carmelo) is a Catholic religious order perhaps founded in the 12th century on Mount Carmel, hence its name. However, historical records about its origin remain uncertain.[1] Saint Bertold has traditionally been associated with the founding of the order, but few clear records of early Carmelite history have survived and this is likely to be a later extrapolation by hagiographers.[2]

Contents

Charism and origin

The charism, or spiritual focus, of the Carmelite Order is contemplative prayer. The Order is considered by the Church to be under the special protection of the Blessed Virgin Mary and thus has a strong Marian devotion. As in most of the orders dating to medieval times, the First Order is the friars (who are active/contemplative), the Second Order is the nuns (who are cloistered) and the Third Order consists of laypeople who continue to live in the world, and can be married, but participate in the charism of the order by liturgical prayers, apostolates (ministries), and contemplative prayer. There are also offshoots such as active Carmelite sisters.

Carmelite tradition traces the origin of the order to a community of hermits on Mount Carmel that succeeded the schools of the prophets in ancient Israel, although there are no certain records of hermits on this mountain before the 1190s. By this date a group of men had gathered at the well of Elijah on Mount Carmel. These men, who had gone to Palestine from Europe either as pilgrims or as crusaders, chose Mount Carmel in part because it was the traditional home of Elijah. The foundation was believed to have been dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary. The conventual buildings were destroyed several times, but a monastery of Discalced Carmelite friars was built close to the original site under the auspices of Fr. Julius of the Saviour and duly consecrated on 12th June 1836.

Full article ▸

related documents
Anglo-Catholicism
Cistercians
Catholic
Cologne Cathedral
Sistine Chapel
Giotto di Bondone
Ecumenical council
Canterbury Cathedral
Arianism
Château de Chenonceau
Abbot
Church of the Holy Sepulchre
York Minster
Chartres Cathedral
Baptist
United Methodist Church
Church of England
Reims
Iconoclasm
Fleur-de-lis
Anointing of the Sick
Basilica
Nineveh
Pope Pius X
Constantinople
Franciscan
Waldensians
Anabaptist
St Botolph's Church, Boston
Monastery