Caroline, New York

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Caroline is a town in Tompkins County, New York, USA. The population was 2,910 at the 2000 census.

The Town of Caroline is on the county's southeast border and is southeast of Ithaca, New York.



The town was first settled around 1794 while the region was still part of Tioga County. Caroline was part of the Watkins and Flint Purchase (1791).

The Town of Caroline was formed from the Town of Spencer (now in Tioga County) in 1811.

In 2004 Caroline became the 8th municipality in New York State to purchase wind power to provide part of the municipal electrical needs; in 2005 it became the 2nd municipality to purchase wind power for 100% of its electricity use.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 55.1 square miles (142.7 km²), of which, 55.0 square miles (142.5 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.13%) is water.

The east and south town lines are the border of Tioga County, New York.

New York State Route 79 crosses the town.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,910 people, 1,161 households, and 758 families residing in the town. The population density was 52.9 people per square mile (20.4/km²). There were 1,254 housing units at an average density of 22.8/sq mi (8.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.85% White, 3.09% African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 2.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.37% of the population.

There were 1,161 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.99.

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