Carroll, Iowa

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Carroll is a city in Carroll County, Iowa, United States, along the Middle Raccoon River. The population was 10,106 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Carroll County.



Carroll County is named in honor of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Maryland. He was the only Roman Catholic to sign the Declaration of Independence, and the longest living signatory .

In 1855 a county government was set up in the town of Carrollton. Three years later a courthouse was constructed at a cost of approximately $3,000. Construction was begun by Nelson Moore, but he died with only one floor completed. The second story was completed by L. J. Hampton.

In 1869 the centrally located railroad town of Carroll City was selected as the county seat, replacing, with some protest, Carrollton. The Chicago and Northwestern Railroad laid out the town and built its first building, a warehouse. Later a $4,000 courthouse was constructed on the town square. This building was used until it burned to the ground in 1886. The vaults and records were undamaged, however, and moved to temporary housing in the Joyce Building and Drees' Music Hall.

The following winter a $40,000 bond issue was approved toward the construction of a new, permanent courthouse. The impressive building was built on the northwest corner of the square (the parking lot of the current courthouse). The stone and brick building, complete with a clock tower, was used for more than three-quarters of a century. It was replaced by a modern-looking building in 1965.

A $750,000 bond issue was used to construct and equip the new courthouse. This building was officially dedicated on September 24, 1966. The highlight of the dedication ceremony was the opening of the boxes sealed in the cornerstone of the old courthouse. The bell from the previous courthouse clock tower sits on the courthouse grounds.

Source: Marie Hackett, Curator of the Carroll County Historical Museum, 1991

Of more recent note was the town's request that Wal Mart build close to downtown, the idea being that it could act as a magnet to downtown, instead of being a threat to established businesses. The arrangement has worked fairly well. However it has disrupted some of the close knit feelings that the people in Carroll used to have. As of 2008, the downtown Wal Mart has closed and a new Wal Mart Super Center has been opened on the far west end of town. The downtown area has been remodeled in recent years, and the former Wal-Mart building has been split up and is being used to house a variety of different businesses.


Carroll is located at 42°4′10″N 94°51′59″W / 42.06944°N 94.86639°W / 42.06944; -94.86639 (42.069544, -94.866361)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14.3 km²), all of it land.

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