Castana, Iowa

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Castana is a city in Monona County, Iowa, United States. The population was 178 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

The city was founded in the summer of 1866 by A.G. Hammond, formerly a resident of Hartford, Connecticut. However Mr. Hammond died and a Mr. Day, who had been employed to work on the building, formed a company and completed building a store, which opened amid much celebration on 4 July 1867. Day then secured the office of post master and by 1872 there was also a blacksmith shop, two other shops and a franchise of Penn Bros, with a methodist minister living nearby and also a mill. Efforts to encourage the American Emigrant Company to provide funds of $2,000 to start a school lost out to a rival project in Belvidere.[1]

Geography

Castana is located at 42°4′21″N 95°54′30″W / 42.0725°N 95.90833°W / 42.0725; -95.90833 (42.072518, -95.908266)[2].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.9 square miles (2.4 km²), all of it land. The city is a distance of 10 miles from Onawa[3] and 39 miles from Sioux City[4].

Academic research

The Western Iowa Experimental farm, a part of Iowa State University, is located just outside Castana. Here research is carried out in beef cattle, swine, forage and the effects of fertiliser on soya beans and corn.[5]

Demographics

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 178 people, 77 households, and 47 families residing in the city. The population density was 192.2 people per square mile (73.9/km²). There were 84 housing units at an average density of 90.7/sq mi (34.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.31% White, 1.12% Native American and 0.56% Pacific Islander.

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