Castle Shannon, Pennsylvania

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Castle Shannon is a borough in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States and is part of the Pittsburgh Metro Area. The population was 8,556 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all of it land. Its average elevation is 1,040 feet (320 m) above sea level.[2]

Surrounding communities

History

The first families settled Castle Shannon in 1786 in pursuit of farmland and timber. The most prominent farm was owned by David Strawbridge, which he named Castle Shanahan. Over time, the farm would lend its name to the area, as "Shanahan" would evolve into "Shannon."

In 1872, The Pittsburgh and Castle Shannon Railroad line was completed, providing a direct link from Pittsburgh to what was then known as the Village of Castle Shannon. Development was stimulated by two years of free transportation and lumber transport given to anybody building a home.[3] In 1877, a second railroad was built from Finleyville through Castle Shannon to the West End of Pittsburgh. In 1909, the right of way through the valley containing Castle Shannon was purchased by Pittsburgh Railroad. This helped lead to Castle Shannon becoming a center for coal mining, with eight mines in operation in 1904. The Pittsburgh and West Virginia Railroad, still active today, came shortly afterward.

The First National Bank in Castle Shannon was the site of a much publicized bank robbery in 1917. $18,500 was taken in the robbery, of which $10,500 was immediately recovered from one man shot during the escape. The full sum was never recovered.

Castle Shannon was incorporated as a borough in 1919, formed from parts of Baldwin Township, Mt. Lebanon, and Bethel Township.

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