Catharina of Württemberg

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Princess Catharina Frederica of Württemberg (21 February 1783 – 29 November 1835) was the second wife of Jérôme Bonaparte.



Catharina was born in Saint Petersburg, Russia to the later King Frederick I of Württemberg and Duchess Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. At age 5, her mother died and her father married her mother's first cousin Charlotte, Princess Royal, eldest daughter of British King George III.

Marriage and children

She was Jérôme Bonaparte's second wife, married on 22 August 1807 in the Royal Palace at Fontainebleau, France. She was queen consort of the Kingdom of Westphalia. When the kingdom was dissolved after the downfall of the Napoleonic Empire she followed her husband into exile.

Catharina died in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Her daughter, Princess Mathilde Bonaparte (1820–1904), was prominent during and after the Second Empire as hostess to men of arts and letters.

Her son, Napoléon Joseph Charles Paul Bonaparte (1822–1891) was a close advisor to his cousin, Napoleon III of France, and in particular was seen as a leading advocate of French intervention in Italy and the Italian nationalists.


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