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The Caucasus or Caucas (also referred to as Caucasia,[1] Adyghe: Къэфкъас, Armenian: Կովկաս (Kovkasum), Azerbaijani: Qafqaz, Georgian: კავკასია (K'avk'asia), Greek: Καύκασος, Persian: قفقاز (Ghafghaz), Russian: Кавка́з, Ossetic: Кавказ, Chechen: Кавказ, Turkish: Kafkasya, Arabic: قوقازqawqāz) is a geopolitical region at the border of Europe and Asia. It is home to the Caucasus Mountains, including Europe's highest mountain (Mount Elbrus).

North Caucasus comprises:

South Caucasus comprises:



The word Caucasus derives from Caucas, the purported ancestor of the North Caucasians.[2] He was a son of Togarmah, grandson of Biblical Noah's third son Japheth. According to Leonti Mroveli after the fall of the Tower of Babel and the division of humanity into different languages, Togarmah settled with his sons: Kartlos, Haik (Georgian:ჰაოს, Haos), Movakos, Lekos (Lak people), Heros (Kingdom of Hereti), Kavkasos, and Egros (Kingdom of Egrisi) between two inaccessible mountains, presumably Mount Ararat and Mount Elbrus.

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