Cecil County, Maryland

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Cecil County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. It is part of the Delaware Valley. It was named for Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (1605–1675), who was the first Proprietary Governor of the colony of Maryland from 1632 until his death in 1675. The county seat is Elkton. The newspaper of record is the Cecil Whig. As of 2000, the population was 85,951.


Law and government

Cecil County is governed by county commissioners, the traditional form of county government in Maryland.


Cecil County was created in 1674 by proclamation of the Governor. It was created from portions of Baltimore and Kent Counties. One of the earliest developers of the county was George Talbot appointed Surveyor-General of Maryland in 1683,[citation needed] who came from Ballyconnell, County Cavan, Ireland.[1][dubious ]

The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.[2]


Cecil County is in the northeast corner of Maryland, south of the Pennsylvania line and west of the Delaware line. Cecil County is physically divided into two masses of land by the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal. Geographically it is part of Maryland's Eastern Shore and the Delmarva Peninsula. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 418 square miles (1,082.6 km2), of which 348 square miles (901.3 km2) is land and 70 square miles (181.3 km2) (16.69%) is water.

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