Celtic languages

related topics
{language, word, form}
{math, number, function}
{theory, work, human}
{household, population, female}
{area, part, region}

Indo-European topics

extinct: Anatolian · Paleo-Balkan (Dacian,
Phrygian, Thracian· Tocharian

Asia: Anatolians (Hittites, Luwians)  · Armenians  · Indo-Iranians (Iranians · Indo-Aryans)  · Tocharians  

The Celtic languages (pronounced /ˈkɛltɪk/ or /ˈsɛltɪk/) are descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic;" a branch of the greater Indo-European language family. The term "Celtic" was first used to describe this language group by Edward Lhuyd in 1707.[citation needed]

Celtic languages are limited to a few areas on the western fringe of Europe, notably Wales, Scotland, Ireland, the peninsula of Brittany in France, and Cornwall and the Isle of Man, and can be found spoken on Cape Breton Island and in Patagonia. Some people speak Celtic languages in the other Celtic diaspora areas of the United States[1], Canada, Australia,[2] and New Zealand [3]. In all these areas, the Celtic languages are now only spoken by minorities though there are continuing efforts at revival.

During the 1st millennium BCE, they were spoken across Europe, from the Bay of Biscay and the North Sea, up the Rhine and down the Danube to the Black Sea and the Upper Balkan Peninsula, and into Asia Minor (Galatia). The spread to Cape Breton and Patagonia occurred in modern times. Celtic languages were spoken in Australia before federation in 1901.


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