Central Asia

related topics
{country, population, people}
{area, part, region}
{island, water, area}
{war, force, army}
{language, word, form}
{theory, work, human}
{album, band, music}
{god, call, give}
{group, member, jewish}
{government, party, election}
{@card@, make, design}
{line, north, south}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{car, race, vehicle}
{ship, engine, design}

Central Asia

Central Asia is a core region of the Asian continent from the Caspian Sea in the west, China in the east, Afghanistan in the south, and Russia in the north. It is also sometimes known as Middle Asia, Inner Asia and, colloquially, "the 'stans"[3] and is within the scope of the wider Eurasian continent.

Various definitions of its exact composition exist, and no one definition is universally accepted. Despite this uncertainty in defining borders, it does have some important overall characteristics. For one, Central Asia has historically been closely tied to its nomadic peoples and the Silk Road.[4] As a result, it has acted as a crossroads for the movement of people, goods, and ideas between Europe, West Asia, South Asia, and East Asia.[5]

In modern contexts, all definitions of Central Asia consensually include these five republics of the former Soviet Union: Kazakhstan (pop. 16.0 million), Kyrgyzstan (5.5 million), Tajikistan (7.3 million), Turkmenistan (5.1 million), and Uzbekistan (27.6 million), for a total population of 61.5 million as of 2009. Other areas often included are Mongolia, Afghanistan, northern and western Pakistan, northeastern Iran, Kashmir, and sometimes parts of Western China (Xinjiang, earlier called East Turkestan) and southern Siberia in Russia.

During pre-Islamic and early Islamic times, Central Asia was a predominantly Iranian[6][7] region that included sedentary Sogdians, Chorasmians and semi-nomadic Scythians, Alans. The ancient sedentary population played an important role in the history of Central Asia. After expansion by Turkic peoples, Central Asia also became the homeland for many Turkic peoples, including the Uzbeks, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, and Uyghurs, and Central Asia is sometimes referred to as Turkestan.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Demographics of Peru
Demographics of the Philippines
Demographics of Moldova
Sub-Saharan Africa
Demographics of Nepal
Sinhalese people
Demographics of Zimbabwe
Demographics of the Czech Republic
Demographics of Poland
Serbs
West Africa
Kashmir
Demographics of Colombia
Ethnic minorities in China
Bali
Morocco
Demographics of Turkey
Tanzania
History of East Asia
Punjab (Pakistan)
Chinese American
Côte d'Ivoire
Bengal
Demographics of the Netherlands
Demographics of Nicaragua
Creole peoples
African diaspora
Uruguay
Empire
Demographics of Mozambique