Central Tibetan Administration

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The Central Tibetan Administration (CTA), officially the Central Tibetan Administration of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, is a advocacy group subordinate to the 14th Dalai Lama, with the stated goals of "rehabilitating Tibetan refugees and restoring freedom and happiness in Tibet". Established in 1959 in India, it is commonly referred to as the "Tibetan Government in Exile", but while its internal structure is government-like, it claims that it is "not designed to take power in Tibet"; rather, it will be dissolved "as soon as freedom is restored in Tibet" and a government formed by Tibetans inside Tibet.[1] In addition to political advocacy, it administers a network of schools and other cultural activities for Tibetans in India. On 11 February 1991, the CTA became a founding member of the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO) at a ceremony held at the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands.[2][3]


Position on Tibet

The territory of Tibet is currently under the administration of the People's Republic of China, a situation that the Central Tibetan Administration considers an illegitimate military occupation. The position of the CTA is that Tibet is a distinct nation with a long history of independence. The official position of the People's Republic of China, however, is that the central government of China has continuously exercised sovereignty over Tibet for over 700 years, that Tibet has never been an independent state, and that Tibetan independence is "nothing but a fiction of the imperialists who committed aggression against China in modern history".[5] The current policy of the Dalai Lama is that he does not seek full independence for Tibet, but would accept Tibet as a genuine autonomous region within the People's Republic of China.[6]


The CTA is headquartered in McLeod Ganj, Dharamsala, India, where the Dalai Lama settled after fleeing Tibet in 1959 after a failed uprising against Chinese rule. It claims jurisdiction over the entirety of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai province, as well as two Tibetan Autonomous Prefectures and one Tibetan Autonomous County in Sichuan Province, one Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and one Tibetan Autonomous County in Gansu Province and one Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province[7] — all of which is termed "Historic Tibet" by the CTA.

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