Century, Florida

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Century is a town in Escambia County, Florida, United States. The population was 1,714 at the 2000 census. It is part of the PensacolaFerry PassBrent Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

Geography

Century is located at 30°58′40″N 87°15′41″W / 30.97778°N 87.26139°W / 30.97778; -87.26139 (30.977648, -87.261500).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.3 square miles (8.7 km²), of which, 3.3 square miles (8.5 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (1.80%) is water.

Century is located in the Western Highlands of Florida. This physiographic province of the northern Gulf Coast is made up of sand, silt, and clay hills. These highlands are deeply incised by creeks and rivers. Century is located on the western edge of the Escambia River floodplain. A small portion of the town (the eastern side) is within the floodplain itself. Most of the community, however, is located above the floodplain on level to gently sloping hillsides.

Century's roadway network is highly irregular. It essentially does not conform to the state of Florida's section, township and range survey system, for two reasons. The first is because Spanish Land Grants were issued along the Escambia River in the 16th and 17th centuries. These boundaries established a unique survey system that contorted east-to-west survey boundaries once Florida became a state and a state survey system was adopted. Essentially, previously existing survey systems were "grandfathered" in. The second reason for an irregular roadway and property boundary system is due to the community originally being built around the Louisville and Nashville Railroad (now the CSX railway). Automobile highways were eventually constructed, and closely paralleled the railway. A more modern highway (US 29) was constructed and moved many of the commercial operations west of the small original core of the community (now mostly located within the Alger-Sullivan Lumber Company Residential Historic District).

U.S. Route 29 is frequently used by residents of Escambia County, Florida to reach points north. Interstate 65 (located in Alabama) is connected by Alabama Highway 113 and provides the area with a route to Montgomery, Birmingham and Atlanta. From a southbound perspective, Century is en route between these major cities and the coastal beaches at Pensacola Beach and Perdido Key in Florida.

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