Cesare Borgia

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Cesare Borgia (13 September 1475 or April 1476[1] – 12 March 1507), Duke of Valentinois[2], was a Valencian condottiero, nobleman, politician, and cardinal. He was the son of Pope Alexander VI of Spain and his long-term mistress Vannozza dei Cattanei. He was the brother to Lucrezia Borgia, (Juan) Giovanni Borgia, Duke of Gandia, and Gioffre Borgia (Jofré in Valencian), Prince of Squillace[3] . He was half-brother to Don Pedro Luis de Borja (1460–1481) and Girolama de Borja, children of unknown mothers.

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Early life

Like nearly all aspects of Cesare Borgia's life, the date of his birth is a subject of dispute. However, he was of Spaniard descent born in Rome either in 1475 or 1476 to Cardinal Rodrigo de Lanzol y Borgia, soon to become Pope Alexander VI, and his mistress Vannozza dei Cattanei, of whom documents are sparse. The Borgia family originally came from the old Kingdom of Valencia (before it was integrated into the Kingdom of Spain) and rose to prominence during the mid 15th century, when Cesar's great uncle Alonso Borgia (1378–1458), bishop of Valencia, was elected Pope Callixtus III in 1455.[4] Cesare's father, Pope Alexander VI, was the first pope who was openly recognized to have children with a lover.

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