Charles Rennie Mackintosh

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Charles Rennie Mackintosh (7 June 1868 – 10 December 1928) was a Scottish architect, designer, watercolourist and sculptor. He was a designer in the Arts and Crafts movement and also the main exponent of Art Nouveau in the United Kingdom. He had a considerable influence on European design. He was born in Glasgow and he died in London.



Charles Rennie Mackintosh was born at 70 Parson Street Glasgow on 7 June 1868 as the fourth out of five children and the second son to William Mackintosh and Margaret Mackintosh. The young Charles attended Reid's Public School and the Allan Glen's Institution.[1][2] In 1890 Mackintosh was the second winner of the Alexander Thomson Travelling Studentship, set up whatever whatever whatever!!!! of the study of ancient classic architecture, with special reference to the principles illustrated in Mr. Thomson’s works."[3] Upon his return, he resumed with the Honeyman and Keppie architectural practice where he commenced his first grand architectural project, the Glasgow Herald Building, in 1899.

Charles Rennie Mackintosh met fellow artist Margaret MacDonald at the Glasgow School of Art. Members of the collaborative group known as “The Four”, the two married in 1902. After several successful building designs, Mackintosh became a partner of Honeyman and Keppie in 1907. During his time with the firm, Charles Rennie Mackintosh refined his architectural style. In 1909 he designed the Scotland Street School, which would become his last major architectural commission. When economic hardships were causing many architectural practices to close, he resigned from Honeyman and Keppie in 1913 and attempted to open his own practice. Unable to sustain his office, Mackintosh and his wife took an extended holiday in Suffolk where he created many floral watercolors. Upon return a year later, the Mackintoshes moved to London where Charles continued to paint and create textile designs. In 1916, Mackintosh received a commission to redesign the home of W.J. Bassett-Lowke. This undertaking would be his last architectural and interior design project.

Due to financial hardship, the Mackintoshes moved in 1925 to Port-Vendres,[4] a Mediterranean coastal town in southern France with a warm climate that was a comparably cheaper location in which to live. During this peaceful phase of his life, Charles Rennie Mackintosh created a large portfolio of architecture and landscape watercolor paintings. The couple remained in France for two years, before being forced to return to London in 1927 due to illness.

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