Charles X of France

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Charles X (Charles Philippe; 9 October 1757 – 6 November 1836) ruled as King of France and of Navarre from 16 September 1824 until 2 August 1830.[1] A younger brother to Kings Louis XVI and Louis XVIII, he supported the latter in exile and eventually succeeded him. His rule of almost six years came to an end in 1830 due to the July Revolution, which ignored his attempts to keep the crown in the senior branch of the House of Bourbon and instead elected Louis Philippe, Duke of Orléans as King of the French. Once again exiled, Charles died in Gorizia, Austria.[2]


Childhood and adolescence

Charles Philippe de France was born in 1757, the youngest son of the Dauphin Louis, and his wife, the Dauphine Marie Josèphe, at the Palace of Versailles. Charles was created Count of Artois at birth by his grandfather, the reigning King Louis XV.[3] As the youngest male in the family Charles seemed unlikely ever to become king. His eldest brother, Louis, Duke of Burgundy died unexpectedly in 1761 which moved Charles up one place in the line of succession. He was raised by Madame de Marsan, the Governess of the Children of France.

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