Chatham, New Hampshire

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Chatham is a town in Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 260 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 289.[1] It is located in the White Mountains, and except for the southeast corner, all of Chatham is in the White Mountain National Forest. The town is home to the Cold River national forest campgrounds.

Contents

History

First granted in 1767 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, the town was named in honor of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham and Prime Minister of Great Britain who had recently led Britain to victory in the Seven Years War. Chatham was regranted in 1770 by his nephew, Governor John Wentworth, to a group including Samuel Langdon, president of Harvard College and creator of the "Blanchard Map" of the North Country. Part of Conway was annexed in 1829.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 57.2 square miles (148 km2), of which 56.7 sq mi (147 km2) is land and 0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2) (0.89%) is water. The highest point in Chatham is the summit of South Baldface, with an elevation of 3,547 feet (1,081 m) above sea level. Sable Mountain, elevation 3,519 ft (1,073 m), is in the west, and Robbins Ridge crosses the center of Chatham from east to west. Upper Kimball Pond is in the southeast, and Basin Pond in the northeast. Chatham lies fully within the Saco River watershed.[2]

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 260 people, 107 households, and 71 families residing in the town. The population density was 4.6 people per square mile (1.8/km²). There were 253 housing units at an average density of 4.5/sq mi (1.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.08% White, 1.15% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races.

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