Chemehuevi

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Colorado River Numic language, English

Native American Church, Sun Dance, traditional tribal religion,[3] Christianity, Ghost Dance

Southern Paiute tribes

The Chemehuevi are a federally recognized Native American tribe enrolled in the Chemehuevi Indian Tribe of the Chemehuevi Reservation. They are the southernmost branch of Paiutes.[1]

Contents

Reservation

The Chemehuevi Reservation is located in San Bernardino County, California bordering Lake Havasu for 25 miles (40 km) and along the Colorado River. The reservation is 30,653 acres (124.05 km2) large and has a population of 345.[1]

Name

"Chemehuevi" has multiple interpretations. It is considered to either be a Mojave term meaning "those who play with fish;"[4] or a Quechan word meaning "nose-in-the-air-like-a-roadrunner."[2] The Chemehuevi call themselves Nüwüwü ("The People", singular Nüwü)[5][6] or Tantáwats, meaning "Southern Men."[2]

Language

Their language, Chemehuevi, is a Colorado River Numic language, in the Numic language branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family. It is near extinction;[7] during the filming of Ironbound Films' 2008 American documentary film The Linguists, linguists Greg Anderson and K. David Harrison interviewed and recorded the last remaining speaker.

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