Chemung, New York

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Chemung is a town in Chemung County, New York, USA. The population was 2,665 at the 2000 census. The town name is derived from the river flowing through it, which means in the native dialect, "Big Horn."

The Town of Chemung is in the southeast corner of the county and is southeast of Elmira, New York. It is part of the 'Elmira, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area'.



The region was visited by the Sullivan Expedition of 1779, which fought at the Battle of Newtown, just west of the current Town of Chemung.

The first clear record of settlement date to about 1786.

The Town of Chemung was the original town in Chemung County and was incorporated into the county in 1798 at the time the county was formed. The town had been established in 1788 in Montgomery County, New York. Chemung lost territory when Tioga County, New York was formed in 1791. The "Town of Newtown" (now Town of Elmira) was taken from Chemung in 1792. Subsequently, Chemung lost more territory to form all or parts of Erin (1822), Baldwin (1856), and Ashland (1867).


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.0 square miles (129.6 km²), of which, 49.5 square miles (128.1 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²) of it (1.12%) is water.

The Chemung River flows through the south part of the town. Cayuta Creek, a tributary of the Chemung River defines part of the east town line.

The south border of the town is Pennsylvania (Bradford County) and the east border is Tioga County.

The Southern Tier Expressway (New York State Route 17) and New York State Route 427 are east-west highways in Chemung.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,665 people, 969 households, and 749 families residing in the town. The population density was 53.9 people per square mile (20.8/km²). There were 1,054 housing units at an average density of 21.3/sq mi (8.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.64% White, 0.53% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.45% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.

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