Chemung County, New York

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Chemung County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. It is part of the 'Elmira, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses all of Chemung County. As of the 2000 census, the population was 91,070. Its name is derived from the name of a Delaware Indian village (meaning "big horn"). Its county seat is Elmira. Many signs posted along roads in Chemung County refer to the area as "Mark Twain Country" because of the many years the author lived and wrote in Elmira.



For the history of Chemung County prior to its creation by partition, see Tioga County, New York.

Chemung County was formed from a partition of 520 square miles (1,300 km2) of Tioga County on 1836-03-29 [1].

On 1854-04-17, Chemung County was partitioned so that 110 square miles (280 km2) of land was used to create Schuyler County, reducing Chemung to 410 square miles (1,100 km2), which is the current size[2].


Chemung County is in the southwestern part of New York State, along the Pennsylvania border, in a part of New York called the Southern Tier and is also part of the Finger Lakes Region.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 411 square miles (1,064.5 km2), of which 408 square miles (1,056.7 km2) is land and 3 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.64%) is water.

The Southern Tier Expressway runs through the County east-west near the Pennsylvania border, between Waverly, New York and Corning, New York via Elmira, New York.

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