Chenega, Alaska

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Chenega (pronounced /tʃɨˈniːɡə/) is a census-designated place (CDP) on Evans Island in the Valdez-Cordova Census Area in the U.S. state of Alaska. Located in Prince William Sound, the CDP consists of the Chugach Alutiiq village of Chenega Bay, which was established only after the Good Friday Earthquake destroyed the original community on Chenega Island to the north. As of the 2000 census, the population of the CDP was 86, largely Alaska Natives.

Contents

History

The original village of Chenega, located on Chenega Island, was destroyed in 1964 by a tsunami from the Good Friday Earthquake, which killed a third of the 68 people who then lived there. Some residents moved into a refugee camp; others moved to other towns. In 1982, one family moved to Evans Island and between 1984-1991 about 26 other families migrated to the new location, now called Chenega Bay.

Former and current Chenega residents gathered each Good Friday to remember the dead of Chenega. On the 25th Good Friday after the earthquake, in 1989, the oil tanker Exxon Valdez ran aground in Prince William Sound, causing an oil spill that again devastated Chenega and other places around the area economically.

Geography

Chenega is located at 60°3′59″N 148°0′40″W / 60.06639°N 148.01111°W / 60.06639; -148.01111 (60.066327, -148.010991)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 29.1 square miles (75.5 km²), of which, 28.8 square miles (74.6 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²) of it (1.17%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 86 people, 22 households, and 17 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3.0 people per square mile (1.2/km²). There were 27 housing units at an average density of 0.9/sq mi (0.4/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 22.09% White, 73.26% Native American, and 4.65% from two or more races.

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