Chickamauga, Georgia

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Chickamauga is a city in Walker County, Georgia, United States. The population was 2,245 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Chattanooga, TN–GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.



Prior to the 1800s, the Cherokee had settled in the area around Chickamauga Creek, actively farming and hunting the lands. They remained there until their forced exodus during the Trail of Tears (1838). In the early-to-mid-19th century, the present town of Chickamauga was a large plantation in the rolling hills of north Georgia. The Cherokee Nation was divided into districts and courts, Crawfish Springs being the capitol of one of the districts. In 1820, a courthouse was built in the town, and the first court in Walker County was held there. The local post office was Crawfish Springs, GA —named for the Indian chief, Crayfish, of the Cherokee Nation.

During the War of 1812, five hundred Cherokee warriors from the area fought along side General Andrew Jackson —at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. This was against the Creek Indians, who were aligned with England. The battle was a victory for the Americans.

The Lee and Gordon families greatly influenced Chickamauga's post-Cherokee history. In 1836 Gwinnett County, Georgia native, James Gordon, established a plantation at Crawfish Springs and built a gristmill two miles east of town —on Chickamauga Creek. Lee and Gordon's Mill, which contained the area's first general store, was situated near a blacksmith shop and stagecoach stop. From 1840 to 1847, Gordon built his Doric-columned brick house (known today as the Gordon-Lee mansion), which overlooks Crawfish Springs.

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