Chillicothe, Illinois

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Chillicothe is a city on the Illinois River in Peoria County, Illinois. The population was 5,996 at the 2000 census. Chillicothe is just north of the city of Peoria and is part of the Peoria, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area.



Chillicothe is located at 40°55′11″N 89°29′34″W / 40.919792°N 89.492848°W / 40.919792; -89.492848.[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.2 square miles (13.5 km²), of which, 4.9 square miles (12.8 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²) of it (5.36%) is water.

Chillicothe is located on the Illinois River and on the parallel Iowa Interstate Railroad branch, from Bureau to Peoria, which was formerly the Rock Island Railroad. Crossing the IAIS and the Illinois River at Chillicothe is the former Santa Fe Railroad, now owned by BNSF Railway. Almost 4 miles outside of town the BNSF Railway operates one of the most notable civil engineering points on the Chillicothe Subdivision. Eldestein Hill is one of the steepest climbs on the railway system and attracts many train watchers to see trains pulling inter-modal trains up the hill.

The Illinois River runs both north and south connecting Chicago with St. Louis. Barge traffic is occasional as it is somewhat easier than most other transport options. The Illinois Waterway is this system. 8 miles to the north Sparland and 3 miles to the south is Rome creating the closest area. Peoria is 20 miles to the south.

Chillicothe, Illinois sits along the Illinois River Valley where gravel and sand from prehistoric river development sits. It is currently being dug up and is sold for construction and roadbeds. In Chillicothe there are relatively large service facilities and connections to the BNSF Railway.


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 5,996 people, 2,429 households, and 1,649 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,213.8 people per square mile (468.6/km²). There were 2,544 housing units at an average density of 515.0/sq mi (198.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.40% White, 0.22% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.50% of the population.

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