Chilton County, Alabama

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Chilton County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama famous for its peaches. Its name is in honor of William Parish Chilton, Sr. (1810-1871), a lawyer who became Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court and later represented Montgomery County in the Congress of the Confederate States of America. On February 4, 1861, Wm. Chilton gaveled the Confederacy into existence, as acting leader of the Provisional Congress. In 1942, the U.S. Navy commissioned a new vessel the USS Chilton in honor of Chilton County. As of 2000, the population was 39,593. The county seat is Clanton and it is a prohibition, or dry county.

The center of population of Alabama is located in Chilton County, outside of the town of Jemison, an area known as Jemison Division.[1]

The county is known for its peaches, and its unique landscape. It is home to swamps, prairies, and mountains due to the foothills of the Appalachians which end in the county, the Coosa River basin, and its proximity to the Black Belt Prairie.



Baker County was established on December 30, 1868, named for Alfred Baker, with its county seat at Grantville. Residents of the county petitioned the Alabama legislature for the renaming of their county, it was not something forced upon them. In 1874 the petitioners accepted the suggestion of Chilton County, even though the Chief Justice had not lived within its boundaries. It is not known when the county seat was moved.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 701 square miles (1,815.6 km2). Nearly 694 square miles (1,797.5 km2) of it is land, and 7 square miles (18.1 km2) (0.97%) is water.

Major highways

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