Chinese American

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Predominantly English, Varieties of Spoken Chinese:
Mandarin Chinese (Standard Mandarin), Yue Chinese (Yuehai Cantonese, Taishanese), Wu Chinese[3] (Taihu Wu, Oujiang Wu), and Min Chinese (Min Nan, Min Dong[4]).

Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Taoism,[5], Islam

Overseas Chinese

Chinese Americans (traditional Chinese: 華裔美國人 or 美籍華人; simplified Chinese: 华裔美国人 or 美籍华人) are Americans of Chinese descent. Chinese Americans constitute one group of Overseas Chinese and also a subgroup of East Asian Americans, which is further a subgroup of Asian Americans. Within this community, the term Chinese American is often broadly defined to include not only immigrants from mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau and their descendants but also immigrants and descendants of Overseas Chinese people who migrated to the United States from places as diverse as Singapore, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Burma, the Philippines, and Taiwan.[6]

The first Chinese immigrants arrived in 1820 according to U.S. government records. 325 men are known to have arrived before the 1848 California Gold Rush[7] which drew the first significant number of laborers from China who mined for gold and performed menial labor.[8][9][10]

There were 25,000 immigrants by 1852, and 105,465 by 1880, most of whom lived on the West Coast. They formed over a tenth of California's population. Nearly all the early immigrants were young males with low educational levels from six districts in the Guangdong province.[11]

But Chinese people were banned from immigrating between 1885 and 1943, when the Chinese Exclusion Act was in effect. Since the repeal of the Act in 1943, immigration of Chinese continued to be heavily restricted until 1965. During the 1970s, the vast majority of ethnic Chinese immigration into the United States was from Hong Kong, followed by Taiwan, with relatively few immigrants coming from mainland China. During the 1980s, in part due to the liberalization of emigration restrictions in the mid-1970s, immigrants from mainland China formed a larger proportion of ethnic Chinese immigrating to the United States.[12] Cantonese, historically the language of most Chinese immigrants, is the third most widely spoken non-English language in the United States.[13]

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