Christian Democratic Union (Germany)

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The Christian-Democratic Union of Germany (CDU; Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands, German pronunciation: [ˈkʁɪstlɪç ˌdemoˈkʁaːtɪʃə unˈi̯oːn ˈdɔʏtʃlants]) is a Christian democratic political party in Germany.

Along with its Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union of Bavaria, the CDU forms the CDU/CSU grouping in the Bundestag.

The leader of the party, Angela Merkel, is currently the Chancellor of Germany. The CDU is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) in the European Parliament. Internationally, the CDU is a member of the Centrist Democrat International (CDI) and the International Democrat Union (IDU). The CDU is the largest political party in Germany, followed by the Social Democratic Party of Germany.


Party platform

The CDU is Christian-based, applying the principles of Christian Democracy, and emphasizes the "Christian understanding of humans and their responsibility toward God." People adhering to any confessions and non-confessional people are allowed to be members of the CDU. The CDU's policies encompass derivatives from Political Catholicism and Catholic social teaching, political Protestantism, as well as neoliberalism, fiscal conservatism and national conservatism. The CDU was the first proponent of the social market economy, although the party has adopted more liberal economic policies since Helmut Kohl's term in office as the Chancellor of Germany (1982–1998). In terms of foreign policy, the CDU commits itself to European integration and a strong relation with the USA. In the European Union, it opposes the entry of Turkey into the EU. It rather prefers a privileged partnership with Turkey. Besides citing human rights violations, the CDU also believes that Turkey's unwillingness to recognize Cyprus as an independent, sovereign state goes against the demands of EU policy that its members must recognize one another. Domestically, the CDU emphasizes curtailing red tape and the preservation of cultural traditions.

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