Christian II of Denmark

related topics
{son, year, death}
{god, call, give}
{law, state, case}
{government, party, election}
{church, century, christian}
{war, force, army}
{theory, work, human}
{area, part, region}
{@card@, make, design}
{system, computer, user}
{day, year, event}

Christian II (1 July 1481 – 25 January 1559) was King of Denmark, Norway (1513–1523) and Sweden (1520–1521), during the Kalmar Union.

Contents

Background

Christian was born as the son of King John of Denmark and Christina of Saxony, at Nyborg Castle in 1481 and succeeded his father as king and regent in Denmark and Norway, where he later was to be succeeded by his uncle King Frederick I of Denmark.[1]

Christian descended, through both Valdemar I of Sweden and Magnus I of Sweden, from the Swedish Dynasty of Eric, and from Catherine, daughter of Inge I of Sweden, as well as from Ingrid Ylva, granddaughter of Sverker I of Sweden. His rival Gustav I of Sweden descended only from Sverker II of Sweden and the Dynasty of Sverker (who apparently did not descend from ancient Swedish kings).

Biography

Christian took part in his father John of Denmark's conquest of Sweden in 1497 and in the fighting of 1501 when Sweden revolted. He was appointed viceroy of Norway in 1506, and succeeded in maintaining control of this country. During his harsh administration in Norway,[2] he attempted to deprive the Norwegian nobility of its traditional influence exercised through the Rigsraadet privy council leading to controversy with the latter.

Christian's succession to the throne was confirmed at the Herredag assembly of notables from the three northern kingdoms, which met at Copenhagen in 1513. The nobles and clergy of all three kingdoms regarded with grave misgivings a ruler who had already shown in Norway that he was not afraid of enforcing his authority to the uttermost. Rigsraadet of Denmark and Norway insisted in the Håndfæstning charter extorted from the king, that the crowns of both kingdoms were elective and not hereditary, providing explicitly against any transgression of the charter by the king, and expressly reserving to themselves a free choice of Christian's successor after his death. But the Swedish delegates could not be prevailed upon to accept Christian as king at all. "We have", they said, "the choice between peace at home and strife here, or peace here and civil war at home, and we prefer the former." A decision as to the Swedish succession was therefore postponed.[3]

Full article ▸

related documents
Valeria Messalina
Olav IV of Norway
Duke of Devonshire
Æthelwulf of Wessex
Earl of Cork
Louis XIII of France
Fujiwara no Michinaga
Prince of Wales
Lucrezia Borgia
Charlotte Brontë
John II of Portugal
Robert Frost
Joshua Reynolds
Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden
Hugh Capet
Peter III of Russia
Mary of Hungary
Anne of Great Britain
Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury
Henrietta Maria of France
Edna St. Vincent Millay
Veronica Franco
Augustus John
Margaret, Maid of Norway
Louis XII of France
George Eliot
Li Bai
Marie de' Medici
Elizabeth Gaskell
Antoninus Pius