Cicero, New York

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Cicero is a town in Onondaga County, New York, USA. The population was 27,982 at the 2000 census. The name of the town was assigned by a clerk interested in the classics, honoring Cicero, a Roman statesman.

The Town of Cicero is in the central part of New York, north of Syracuse. It is a northern suburb of Syracuse and is located in the northeast part of Onondaga County.



Cicero was one of the townships of the former Central New York Military Tract, land reserved for soldiers of the American Revolution.

The Town of Cicero was formed in 1790 as a Township in the Military Tract, but was part of the Town of Lysander when Onondaga County was formed in 1794 and was separated from Lysander in 1807. The first settler to arrive was John Leach, who established a tavern at Cody's Corners.

In 1827 the town was split approximately in half, with the western portion of Cicero becoming the town of Town of Clay.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 48.5 square miles (125.6 km²), of which, 48.5 square miles (125.5 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.10%) is water.

The north town line of Cicero, marked by the Oneida River is the border of Oswego County. The east town line is the border of Madison County, marked by the Chittenango Creek.

At the Northern border of Cicero is Oneida Lake, one of the largest bodies of water located within New York State. Also within Cicero is a fairly large swamp named Cicero Swamp. Cicero consists of mainly wetland, forests, farms and a large and growing number of housing developments encroaching on farmland. The soils are mostly brown silt loams and loams with slight to moderate acidity in surface layers (subsoils may be somewhat alkaline); their drainage varies.

U.S. Route 11, Interstate 81, Interstate 481, and New York State Route 31 pass through Cicero. New York State Route 298 intersects NY-31 near the east town line. Michael Airfield, a single runway general aviation airport, is located within Cicero.

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