Cimarron, New Mexico

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Cimarron is a village in Colfax County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 917 at the 2000 census.

Philmont Scout Ranch[1], an extensive "high-adventure base" operated by the Boy Scouts of America, is located just west of Cimarron. The Chase Ranch (famous for its heart-shaped brand and allegedly the Marlboro Man's place of origin), Ted Turner's Vermejo Park Ranch [2], the CS Ranch [3], the UU Bar Ranch[4] (formerly the property of Waite Phillips), the Elliott Barker State Wildlife Area, the Valle Vidal[5], and Carson National Forest[6] are also located in the Cimarron area.

The village is a pioneer of the four-day school week, which it originally implemented in the early 1970s, during a time of rising fuel and utility prices.[7]

Contents

History

To avoid the rocky and mountainous Raton Pass, wagon traffic used the Cimarron Cutoff of the Santa Fe Trail during the 1840s. Thereafter, Mountain Branch near Raton Pass became more popular with traders, immigrants, gold-seekers, and government supply trains.

South of Cimarron is Palisades Sill, with high cliffs surrounding a modest flow of the Cimarron River.

In 1842, Lucien B. Maxwell, a fur trapper, came to the Beaubien-Miranda Ranch in northern New Mexico and courted and married Luz Beaubien, one of the owner's six daughters. He eventually inherited the ranch and built a huge mansion in 1858 on the future town site.

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