Cinema of the Soviet Union

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1922 1923 1924 1925
1926 1927 1928 1929

The cinema of the Soviet Union, not to be confused with "Cinema of Russia" despite Russian language films being predominant in both genres, includes several film contributions of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union reflecting elements of their pre-Soviet culture, language and history, although sometimes censored by the Central Government. Most notable for their republican cinema were the Russian SFSR, Armenian SSR, Georgian SSR, Ukrainian SSR, and, to a lesser degree, Lithuanian SSR, Byelorussian SSR and Moldavian SSR. At the same time, the nation's film industry, which was fully nationalized throughout most of the country's history, was guided by philosophies and laws propounded by the monopoly Soviet Communist Party which introduced a new view on the cinema, socialist realism, which was different from the one before or after the existence of the Soviet Union. Any censorship regime is dynamic. Some subjects did not appear on screen - or only in a coded form. The reasons of censorship in USSR are mostly political (criticism of the Soviet Union, CPSU, Soviet regime, particular political bodies and figures). They are: political unreliability (temporary or permanent) of an artist, whose work was the subject of the publication; political unreliability (temporary or permanent) of an author of a publication; mentioning an unreliable person, unworthy fact or event in the text unless it was criticized (possible cuttings of the text or plates); generally prohibited subject (for instance: unofficial Soviet art); propaganda of fascism, violence or terror (horror films belonged to that category); pornography (a magic word - none of the censors could ever give a distinct definition of this term in their special vocabulary; the most frequent reason for art publications to become banned as most of the artists, since the ancient times, had made the studies of the nude models); themes, subjects, facts, events which caused or might have caused undesirable thoughts, associations or illusions not in favor of the Soviet state.

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