Cities of South Korea

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The largest cities of South Korea have self-governing status equivalent to that of provinces. Seoul, the largest city and capital, is classified as a teukbyeolsi (Special City), while the next 6 largest cities (see the list below) are classified as gwangyeoksi (Metropolitan Cities; see Special cities of Korea). Smaller cities are classified as si ("cities") and are under provincial jurisdiction, at the same level as counties (see Administrative divisions of South Korea).

Contents

Self-governing cities with the status of provinces

Notes

  • The name "Seoul" does not originate from hanja. The official Chinese translation is written as 首爾/首尔, which is a transcription based on the pronunciation of "Seoul", but 漢城/汉城 is remains frequently used. As a suffix, the character gyeong (京) is used, which means "capital".
  • Seoul was designated a "Special Free City" (Teukbyeol Jayusi; 특별 자유시; 特別自由市) separate from Gyeonggi Province on August 15, 1946; it became a "Special City" on August 15, 1949.
  • All of the above cities except Ulsan have metro (subway) systems either in operation or under construction.
  • The Ma-Chang-Jin metropolian area which consists of the cities Changwon, Masan, and Jinhae has a population of 1.2 million.

Provincial Cities of Gyeonggi-do

  • Suwon (수원시, 水原市, capital)
  • Ansan (안산시, 安山市)
  • Anseong (안성시, 安城市)
  • Anyang (안양시, 安養市)
  • Bucheon (부천시, 富川市)
  • Dongducheon (동두천시, 東豆川市)
  • Gimpo (김포시, 金浦市)

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