Claiborne County, Tennessee

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Claiborne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of 2000, the population was 29,862. The 2005 Census Estimate placed the population at 31,033 [1]. Its county seat is Tazewell.[1]



Claiborne County was established on October 29, 1801, created from Grainger and Hawkins counties and extended the southern boundary to Anderson County. It was named for Virginia tidewater aristocrat William C. C. Claiborne, one of the first judges of the Superior Court and one of the first representatives in U.S. Congress from Tennessee.

The Four Seasons Hotel was built on the location of present day Lincoln Memorial University in 1892 by an English land company, the American Association Limited. At the time, it was reported by its promotors to be the largest hotel in the United States. The main building was four stories high with a lobby 75 feet square and a dining room 50 feet by 160 feet. It was reported to contain 700 rooms. Also included in the complex were a hospital, an inn, a sanitarium, and other smaller buildings. The hotel was not a success and was demolished in 1895. During it's operation, the Four Seasons Hotel offered buggy rides to nearby English Cave, which had been improved with wooden stairways, walkways, and bridges. The rotting remains of these wooden structures can still be seen in the cave. (Larry E. Matthews, "Caves of Knoxville and the Great Smoky Mountains", 2008, Published by the National Speleological Society, ISBN 978-1-879961-30-2, Chapter 2 - English Cave, pages 37-46


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 442 square miles (1,144.8 km2), of which 434 square miles (1,124.1 km2) is land and 7 square miles (18.1 km2) (1.65%) is water.

Adjacent counties

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