Clairton, Pennsylvania

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Clairton is a city in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States, along the Monongahela River and is part of the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Area. The population was 8,491 at the 2000 census. Under Pennsylvania legal classifications for local governments, Clairton is considered a third-class city and is home to Clairton Works, the largest coke manufacturing facility in the United States.

The city was the setting for the movie The Deer Hunter (1978), although none of the movie was actually filmed there (other mill towns in the Monongahela River Valley and elsewhere in the tri-state area were used). Even the opening scene, which features a large sign saying "Welcome to Clairton, City of Prayer," was shot in Mingo Junction, Ohio, although its verbiage is based on smaller signs posted at the city's boundaries during the mid 1960s (as a response to the Supreme Court's 1963 ban on sponsored school prayer).

The Montour Trail, a recreational rail-trail, extends from Clairton to Coraopolis, Pennsylvania.

Contents

Geography

Clairton is located at 40°17′47″N 79°53′14″W / 40.29639°N 79.88722°W / 40.29639; -79.88722 (40.296419, -79.887090).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of more than 3.0 square miles (7.8 km²). 2.8 square miles (7.1 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.6 km²) of it (8.31%) is water.

Surrounding neighborhoods

Elizabeth (via Malady Bridge), Glassport (via Clairton-Glassport Bridge), Jefferson Hills, West Elizabeth, West Mifflin

History

Clairton’s existence began just after the turn of the 20th century when the United States Steel Corporation acquired a large tract along the west side of the Monongahela River, about 13 miles south of Pittsburgh. This became the site for an integrated steel mill and coke production facility, which eventually became one of the world's largest [coke is a concentrated, charcoal-like byproduct of coal, used to fuel blast furnaces].

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