Clarke County, Alabama

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Clarke County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. The county was created by the legislature of the Mississippi Territory in 1812. It is named in honor of General John Clarke of Georgia, who was later elected governor of that state.[1] As of 2000, the population was 27,867. The county seat is Grove Hill. The county museum is housed in the Alston-Cobb House in Grove Hill.



Clarke County was established on December 10, 1812 by the Mississippi Territory. The county had numerous forts, built by settlers for protection, during the Creek War. One of the most notable of these was Fort Sinquefield. The first county seat was Clarkesville, founded in 1820. The seat was moved to Macon, later renamed Grove Hill, in 1831. During the American Civil War the county was notable for its salt production.[1] Clarke County became a prohibition county, or dry county, in 1937. The county was declared a disaster area in September 1979 due to damage from Hurricane Frederic. The first decade of the 21st century saw the county's largest communities vote to legalize alcohol sales:Jackson on May 10, 2005, Thomasville on August 14, 2007, and Grove Hill on November 3, 2009.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,253 square miles (3,245.3 km2). Nearly 1,238 square miles (3,206.4 km2) of it is land, and 14 square miles (36.3 km2) (1.13%) is water.

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