Claudette Colvin

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Claudette Colvin (born September 5, 1939) is a pioneer of the African American civil rights movement. She was the first person to resist bus segregation in Montgomery, Alabama, preceding the better known Rosa Parks incident by nine months. The court case stemming from her refusal to give up her seat on the bus, decided by the U.S. District Court, ended bus segregation in Alabama.

Colvin's pioneering effort was not publicized for long by Montgomery's black leaders because she was an unmarried pregnant woman[1][2].



Colvin lived in Montgomery, Alabama. [3] In 1955, at the age of 15, she refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus to a white person, in violation of local law.[1] Her arrest preceded that of Rosa Parks by nine months.

Bus incident

In 1955 Colvin was a student at Booker T. Washington High School in Montgomery.[4] Colvin was returning from school on March 2, 1955 when she got on a Capital Heights bus downtown (at the same place Parks boarded another bus nine months later). Colvin's family did own a car, but she relied on the city's buses to get to school.[citation needed]

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