Claudio Monteverdi

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Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (Italian pronunciation: [ˈklaudjo monteˈverdi]; 15 May 1567 (baptized) – 29 November 1643) was an Italian composer, gambist, and singer.

Monteverdi's work, often regarded as revolutionary, marked the transition from the Renaissance style of music to that of the Baroque period.[1] He developed two individual styles of composition: the new basso continuo technique of the Baroque and the heritage of Renaissance polyphony.[2] Enjoying fame in his lifetime, he wrote one of the earliest operas, L'Orfeo, which is still regularly performed.

Contents

Life

Claudio Monteverdi was born in 1567 in Cremona, a town in Northern Italy. His father was Baldassare Monteverdi, a doctor, apothecary and surgeon.[3] He was the oldest of five children.[4] During his childhood, he was taught by Marc'Antonio Ingegneri,[5] the maestro di cappella (The Maestro di capella’s job was to conduct important worship services in accordance with the liturgy books of the Roman Catholic Church).[6] at the Cathedral of Cremona.[7] Monteverdi learned about music by being part of the cathedral choir.[8] He also studied at the University of Cremona.[8] His first music was written for publication, including some motets and sacred madrigals, in 1582 and 1583.[9] His first five compositions were: Cantiunculae Sacrae, 1582; Madrigal Spirituali, 1583; the three-part canzonets, 1584; and the five-part madrigals– Book I, 1587, and Book II, 1590.[10] By 1587, he had produced his first book of secular madrigals. Monteverdi worked for the court of Mantua first as a singer and violist, then as music director.[11] He worked at the court of Vincenzo I of Gonzaga in Mantua as a vocalist and viol player.[12] In 1602, he was working as the court conductor.[12]

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