Clerkenwell

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{city, large, area}
{church, century, christian}
{build, building, house}
{area, community, home}
{work, book, publish}
{war, force, army}
{food, make, wine}
{company, market, business}
{village, small, smallsup}
{game, team, player}

Coordinates: 51°31′34″N 0°06′13″W / 51.52604°N 0.103475°W / 51.52604; -0.103475

Clerkenwell (pronounced /ˈklɑːkənwɛl/) is an area of Central London in the London Borough of Islington. From 1900 to 1965 it was part of the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury. The well after which it was named was rediscovered in 1924. The watchmaking and watch repairing trades were once of great importance.[1] Clerkenwell was once known as London's "Little Italy" because of the large number of Italians living in the area from the 1850s until the 1960s.

Contents

History

Clerks' Well

Clerkenwell took its name from the Clerks' Well in Farringdon Lane (clerken was the Middle English genitive plural of clerk, a variant of clerc, meaning literate person or clergyman). In the Middle Ages, the London Parish clerks performed annual mystery plays there, based on biblical themes. Part of the well remains visible, incorporated into a 1980s building called Well Court. It is visible through a window of that building on Farringdon Lane.

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