Clinton County, Illinois

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Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1960. Clinton County is part of the St. Louis Metro Area. As of 2006, the population was 36,633. Its county seat is Carlyle, Illinois.



In 1808 a wagon road was laid out through what is now Clinton County. The road extended from the "Goshen Settlement" to the Ohio salt works and crossed the Kaskaskia river at Carlyle.[1]

Clinton County was organized in 1824 out of Washington, Fayette, and Bond Counties. Its name is in honor of the seventh Governor of New York State, DeWitt Clinton, who helped build the Erie Canal.[2]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 503 square miles (1,302.8 km2), of which 474 square miles (1,227.7 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75.1 km2) (5.81%) is water. Eldon Hazlet State Recreation Area and South Shore State Park are in Clinton County.

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