Coffea

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Coffea ambongensis
Coffea anthonyi
Coffea arabica - Arabica Coffee
Coffea benghalensis - Bengal coffee
Coffea boinensis
Coffea bonnieri
Coffea canephora - Robusta coffee
Coffea charrieriana - Cameroonian coffee
Coffea congensis - Congo coffee
Coffea dewevrei - Excelsa coffee
Coffea excelsa - Liberian coffee
Coffea gallienii
Coffea liberica - Liberian coffee
Coffea magnistipula
Coffea mauritiana - Café marron
Coffea mogeneti
Coffea stenophylla - Sierra Leonian coffee

Coffea is a large genus (containing more than 90 species)[3] of flowering plants in the madder family, Rubiaceae. They are shrubs or small trees, native to subtropical Africa and southern Asia. Seeds of several species are the source of the popular beverage coffee. Coffee ranks as one of the world's most valuable and widely traded commodity crops and is an important export of a number of countries. The leaves and the outer part of the fruit are also sometimes eaten.[4]

Contents

Botany

There are several species of Coffee that may be grown for the beans. The trees produce red or purple fruits called "cherries" that are drupes. The cherries contain two seeds, the so-called "coffee beans", which — despite their name — are not true beans (which are the seeds of the legume family). In about 5-10% of any crop of coffee cherries, there is only a single bean, rather than the two usually found. This is called a "peaberry", which is smaller and rounder than a normal coffee bean. It is often removed from the yield and either sold separately, (as in New Guinea peaberry) or discarded.

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