Colchester, Vermont

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Colchester is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The population was 16,986 at the 2000 census. It is the fourth-largest municipality and second-largest town in Vermont by population.[citation needed]



According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 58.6 square miles (151.9 km2), of which, 36.9 square miles (95.5 km2) of it is land and 21.8 square miles (56.3 km2) of it (37.10%) is water.


About 2000 years ago, during the Early Woodland period, pre-Columbians natives lived in the area.[3] Chartered June 7, 1763[4], the town was named for the Earl of Colchester.[5]

In 1922, the city of Winooski broke away from the town and formed its own city.[citation needed]


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 16,986 people, 6,144 households, and 4,184 families residing in the town. The population density was 460.5 people per square mile (177.8/km2). There were 6,727 housing units at an average density of 182.4/sq mi (70.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.53% White, 0.63% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.58% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

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