Colchis

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In ancient geography, Colchis or Kolkhis (Georgian and Laz: კოლხეთი, ḳolxeti or "ḳolxa"; Greek: Κολχίς, Kolkhís) was an ancient Georgian[1][2][3][4], state[5][6] kingdom and region[7] in Western Georgia, which played an important role in the ethnic and cultural formation of the Georgian nation and its related groups.[8][9] The Kingdom of Colchis as an early Georgian state[4] contributed significantly to the development of medieval Georgian statehood after its unification with the eastern Georgian Kingdom of Iberia-Kartli.[10][11] The term Colchians is used as the collective term for early Georgian tribes which populated the eastern coast of the Black Sea.[12]

Its geography is mostly assigned to what is now the western part of Georgia. Colchis was in Greek mythology the home of Aeëtes and Medea and the destination of the Argonauts, as well as being the possible homeland of the Amazons. This ancient area is represented roughly by the present-day Georgian provinces of Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Atchara, Abkhazeti, Svaneti, Racha, the modern Turkey’s Rize, Trabzon and Artvin provinces (Lazistan, Tao-Klarjeti) and the modern Russia’s Sochi and Tuapse districts.[13] One of the most important elements in the modern Georgian nation, the Colchians were probably established in the Caucasus by the Middle Bronze Age.[14]

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