Cold Spring, New York

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Cold Spring is a village located in the Town of Philipstown in Putnam County, New York. The population was 1,983 at the 2000 census. It borders the smaller village of Nelsonville. The central area of the village is on the National Register of Historic Places as the Cold Spring Historic District due to its many well-preserved 19th-century buildings, constructed to accommodate workers at the nearby West Point Foundry (itself a Registered Historic Place today). The town is the birthplace of General Gouverneur K. Warren, who was an important figure in the Union Army during the Civil War. The village, located in the Hudson Highlands, sits on a fjord across the river from West Point, at the deepest point of the Hudson River. Cold Spring serves as a weekend getaway for residents of New York City.

Commuter service to New York City is available via the Cold Spring train station, served by Metro-North Railroad. The train journey is 69 minutes to Grand Central Terminal.

Contents

History

Until 1818, when the West Point Foundry was established by Gouverneur Kemble, Cold Spring was a small settlement nestled on the shores of the Hudson River near the river's narrowest point. Cold Spring served as an industrial base for the next 150 years. A battery factory operated from 1952 to 1979, polluting nearby Constitution Marsh, before the marsh was cleaned (at great expense) in the 1990s.

Geography

Cold Spring is located at 41°25′8″N 73°57′16″W / 41.41889°N 73.95444°W / 41.41889; -73.95444 (41.418907, -73.954522)[1].

One of the notable features of the village is its unique perch in the Hudson Highlands. The village borders the Hudson River to the west, and is bound by the Hudson Highlands State Park to the north, where Mount Taurus and Breakneck Ridge rise steeply and dramatically out of the banks of the Hudson and form two basically parallel ridges that track each other inland. The valley between them has an abandoned dairy farm, two lakes, and a camp. The view from the river bank is the Constitution Marsh and the US Military Academy (West Point) slightly to the south, and Crow's nest and Storm King Mountain to the center and slightly to the north. All of this considered, the village is nestled in the most prominent vertical terrain on the Hudson north of New York City prior to the Shawangunk and Catskill ranges. This, and its historic housing stock, have made it a popular weekend destination for tourists from New York City.

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