Colfax, Indiana

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Colfax is a town in Perry Township, Clinton County, Indiana, United States. The population was 768 at the 2000 census. The town was originally known as Midway since it was a half-way point on the IC&L Railroad between Lafayette and Indianapolis; it was later renamed to honor Vice President Schuyler Colfax.[3]



Colfax was laid out in 1849 by Montgomery Stroud and originally named Midway for its position between Indianapolis and Lafayette along the Lafayette railroad. In 1853 the town gained a post office named Colfax, and in December 1857 the name of the town itself became Colfax, by petition of the residents. By 1861 the town had two churches, two general stores, a hotel, a saw mill and approximately 200 residents.

An incorporation election held December 25, 1869, resulted in 24 yeas and 1 no. The town had 187 residents in 1870, but with the construction of the Vandalia road through town in 1870-71 it grew quickly and by 1880 had a population of 638.[4]


Colfax is located at 40°11′38″N 86°40′5″W / 40.19389°N 86.66806°W / 40.19389; -86.66806 (40.193788, -86.668085)[5].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles (0.9 km²), all of it land.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 768 people, 286 households, and 205 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,118.9 people per square mile (823.7/km²). There were 305 housing units at an average density of 841.5/sq mi (327.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.87% White and 0.13% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.69% of the population.

There were 286 households out of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.3% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.18.

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