Colonisation

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Colonization (or colonisation) occurs whenever any one or more species populate an area. The term, which is derived from the Latin colere, "to inhabit, cultivate, frequent, practice, tend, guard, respect,"[1] originally related to humans. However, 19th century biogeographers dominated the term to describe the activities of birds, bacteria, or plant species.[1] Human colonization is a narrower category than the related concept of colonialism, because whereas colonization refers to settler colonies, trading posts, and plantations, colonialism deals with this and the ruling of new territories' existing peoples.

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Historical Colonizations

Classical Period

In ancient times, maritime nations such as the city-states of Greece and Phoenicia often established colonies to farm uninhabited land. In classical times, land suitable for farming was often claimed by migratory "barbarian tribes" who lived by hunting and gathering. To ancient civilized people, the land simply appeared vacant. However this does not mean that conflict did not exist between the colonizers and native peoples.

In Asia, under the Achaemenid Empire, ethnic Persians did some colonizing in their new territory, such as Egypt.[citation needed] After the Rise of Parthia in west of Asia some ethnic Persians settled in India. The Pallava Empire was born in India , made by Persian colonies that had settled there.[citation needed]

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