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In linear algebra, a column vector or column matrix is an m × 1 matrix, i.e. a matrix consisting of a single column of elements.
The transpose of a column vector is a row vector and vice versa.
The set of all column vectors with a given number of elements forms a vector space which is the dual space to the set of all row vectors with that number of elements.
Contents
Notation
To simplify writing column vectors inline with other text, sometimes they are written as row vectors with the transpose operation applied to them.
For further simplification, some authors also use the convention of writing both column vectors and row vectors as rows, but separating row vector elements with commas and column vector elements with semicolons (see alternative notation 2 in the table below). This alternative notation is used, for instance, in MATLAB, a widely used programming language specifically designed to simplify computations involving matrices.
Operations
 Matrix multiplication involves the action of multiplying each row vector of one matrix by each column vector of another matrix.
 The dot product of two vectors a and b is equivalent to multiplying the row vector representation of a by the column vector representation of b:
See also
References
 Axler, Sheldon Jay (1997), Linear Algebra Done Right (2nd ed.), SpringerVerlag, ISBN 0387982590
 Lay, David C. (August 22, 2005), Linear Algebra and Its Applications (3rd ed.), Addison Wesley, ISBN 9780321287137
 Meyer, Carl D. (February 15, 2001), Matrix Analysis and Applied Linear Algebra, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM), ISBN 9780898714548, http://www.matrixanalysis.com/DownloadChapters.html
 Poole, David (2006), Linear Algebra: A Modern Introduction (2nd ed.), Brooks/Cole, ISBN 0534998453
 Anton, Howard (2005), Elementary Linear Algebra (Applications Version) (9th ed.), Wiley International
 Leon, Steven J. (2006), Linear Algebra With Applications (7th ed.), Pearson Prentice Hall
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