Comanche County, Texas

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Comanche County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, its population was 14,026. Comanche was founded in 1856. Comanche is named for the Comanche Native American tribe. The seat of the county is Comanche[1].


History timeline

  • Among first inhabitants were the Comanche.[2]
  • 1854 Jesse M Mercer and others organize a colony near the future settlement of Newburg[3] in Comanche County on lands earlier granted by Mexico to Stephen F. Austin and Samuel May Williams.[4] Frank M. Collier builds the first log house in the county.[5]
  • 1856 The Texas legislature forms Comanche County from Coryell and Bosque counties. Cora community, named after Cora Beeman of Bell County, is designated as the county seat.[6]
  • 1859 Comanche becomes the county seat.[7]
  • 1860 County population is 709 persons, including 61 slaves.[2]
  • 1873 The Comanche Chief [8] begins publication. Editor Joe Hill’s brother Robert T. Hill works on the newspaper while developing his esteemed career as a geologist.[9]
  • 1874 John Wesley Hardin and gang celebrate his 21st birthday in Brown and Comanche counties. Deputy Charles Webb draws his gun provoking a gunfight that ends Webb’s life. A lynch mob is formed, but Hardin and his family are put into protective custody. The mob breaks into the jail and hang his brother Joe and two cousins. Hardin flees.[10]
  • 1877 John Wesley Hardin is arrested on a train in Pensacola, Florida by Texas Rangers and a local authority while traveling under the alias of James W. Swain.[11] Hardin is tried in Comanche for the murder of Deputy Sheriff Charles Webb, and sentenced to twenty-five years in Huntsville Prison.[12]
  • 1881 The Texas Central Railroad[13] begins service in Comanche County and starts carrying cattle and cotton to market.[2]
  • 1890 Cotton becomes king in the county. By the turn of the Century the boll weevil devastates the county cotton industry for three decades.
  • 1907 The county begins to experiment with peanut farming.[2]
  • 1918 Oil is discovered at Desdemona.[14][15]
  • 1920 The peak year for the Comanche County oil boom. More than 70,000 fruit trees are grown in the county.[2]
  • 1951-1952 A desperate drought-stricken county experiments with rain making.[2]
  • 1963 Proctor Lake is impounded to provide flood control and drinking water.[16]
  • 1982 Comanche is second in Texas with a peanut production of more than 45,546,000 pounds.[2]

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