Combined oral contraceptive pill

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The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP), often referred to as the birth-control pill or simply "the Pill", is a birth control method that includes a combination of an estrogen (oestrogen) and a progestin (progestogen). When taken by mouth every day, these pills inhibit female fertility. They were first approved for contraceptive use in the United States in 1960, and are a very popular form of birth control. They are currently used by more than 100 million women worldwide and by almost 12 million women in the United States.[5][6] Usage varies widely by country,[7] age, education, and marital status: one third of women[8] aged 16–49 in Great Britain currently use either the combined pill or a progestogen-only "minipill",[9] compared to only 1% of women in Japan.[10]

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