Commerce, Missouri

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Commerce is a Mississippi River city in Scott County, Missouri, United States. The population was 110 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

In 1788, the present site of Commerce was first occupied by French settlers, making Commerce apparently the third-oldest present site settlement in Missouri after St Louis, Missouri and St. Charles, Missouri. In 1823, the circuit court ordered a board of commissioners to be appointed to lay out lots here. From 1864 to 1878, Commerce was the county seat of Scott County. Commerce was one of the few areas in Scott County to have uninterrupted mail service during the Civil War as guerilla bands made delivery unsafe for the northern carriers. Commerce along with the German settlement of New Hamburg were the two enclaves of Union sympathizers in Scott County during the war. On November 1, 1861, Colonel Oglesby landed in Commerce with about 3,000 men where his soldiers soon exchanged shots with M. Jeff Thompson. On December 29, 1861, Thompson raided Commerce. On February 21, 1862, General Pope landed here with 140 troops, but when he left a week later his force consisted of 26,153 men. The island in front of Commerce was known as Cat Island at least as early as Mark Twain's time; however, it has been absorbed by Powers Island to the south. Commerce was a Methodist town with a congregation established as early as 1825 and without a Baptist church until 1906.[3]

Geography

Commerce is located at 37°9′26″N 89°26′47″W / 37.15722°N 89.44639°W / 37.15722; -89.44639 (37.157131, -89.446512)[4].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.8 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 110 people, 42 households, and 30 families residing in the village. The population density was 344.0 people per square mile (132.7/km²). There were 49 housing units at an average density of 153.3/sq mi (59.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.36% White, 2.73% African American, 0.91% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.82% of the population.

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