Communications in Cuba

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{system, computer, user}
{city, large, area}
{service, military, aircraft}

Telecommunications in Cuba consists mainly of NTSC analog television, analog radio, telephony, AMPS, D-AMPS, and GSM mobile telephony, and the Internet. Telephone service is provided through ETECSA, mobile telephone service is provided through Cellular Telephone Company of Cuba (CUBACEL) and Caribbean Cellular (Celulares del Caribe, C-COM). Cuba's main international telecommunications links are through Intersputnik, with antiquated undersea telephone cables to the U.S., the West Indies, Spain, and possibly Italy.


Communist Party control

A special permit from the Communist Party is required for using the Internet. Access to the Internet is heavily controlled, and all e-mails are closely monitored.[1][2]

The Cuban authorities have called Internet "the great disease of 21st century" due to 'counter-revolutionary' information being available on a number of websites, some of which being official news sites.[1] As a result of computer ownership bans, computer ownership rates were among the world's lowest.[2] However, since buying a computer was legalized in 2007, the ownership of computers in Cuba soared, putting its internet users at 1,000,000 users[citation needed]. But, the rates still remain quite low, partially due to the high costs of systems and Internet usage per hour in contrast to the average monthly wage.


Telephones - main lines in use: 767,319 (2004) [3]

Telephones - mobile cellular: 97,100 (June 2005) (ref: Informa Telecoms & Media) [4]

Telephone system:
domestic: 85,3% of lines are digital connected.[5] Principal trunk system, end to end of country, is coaxial cable; fiber-optic distribution in Havana and on Isla de la Juventud; 2 microwave radio relay installations (one is old, US-built; the other newer, Soviet-built); both analog and digital mobile cellular service established
international: satellite earth station - 1 Intersputnik (Atlantic Ocean region)

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